English Cocker Spaniel

ORIGEN: Gran Bretaña. 

UTILIZACIÓN: Perro levantador de caza. 

CLASIFICACIÓN FCI: Grupo 8 Perros cobradores de caza, perros levantadores de caza, perros de agua. Sección 2 perros levantadores de caza. Con prueba de trabajo. 

APARIENCIA GENERAL: Es un perro alegre, robusto, deportivo, bien equilibrado, compacto; la medida del suelo a la cruz y de ésta a la inserción de la cola es aproximadamente igual.

Fuente. FCI

 

 

 

 

 

 

{slider ESTANDAR FCI}

Estándar FCI N° 5 / 27.05.2009 / E

TRADUCCIÓN: Lic. Oscar Valverde Calvo (Costa Rica) y Jorge Nallem (Uruguay). 

FECHA DE PUBLICACIÓN DEL ESTÁNDAR ORIGINAL VÁLIDO: 26.03.2009.

CABEZA

REGIÓN CRANEAL:

Cráneo: Bien desarrollado, bien modelado, no muy fino ni muy tosco.

Depresión naso-frontal (Stop): Bien marcada, situada a media distancia entre la punta de la nariz y el occipital. 

REGIÓN FACIAL:

Trufa: Bastante ancha para que pueda desarrollar sus dotes olfativos.

Hocico: Cuadrado.  

Mandíbulas / Dientes : Debe tener maxilares fuertes; mordida en tijera, es decir, que la cara interna de los incisivos superiores esté en contacto con la cara externa de los incisivos inferiores y colocados en ángulo recto con los maxilares.

Mejillas: No prominentes.

Ojos: Grandes pero no saltones. Deben ser de color marrón o marrón oscuro, pero nunca claros, excepto en el caso de ejemplares de pelaje color hígado, hígado ruano e hígado y blanco, en que éstos podrán ser de color avellana oscuro para armonizar con el pelaje. Su expresión es inteligente, dulce, pero bien alerta, brillante y alegre; el borde de los párpados bien pegado.

Orejas: De forma lobular, de inserción baja al nivel de los ojos. Extendidas deben llegar a la punta de la nariz, bien cubiertas con pelo largo y sedoso. 

CUELLO: Moderadamente largo, musculoso. Se une  con elegancia en las espaldas. Cuello sin papada. 

CUERPO: Fuerte, compacto.

Línea superior: Firme, horizontal. Desciende levemente desde el final del lomo hasta la inserción de la cola.

Lomo: Corto y amplio.

Pecho: Bien desarrollado, tórax profundo; no debe ser ni muy ancho ni demasiado estrecho en el frente. Costillas bien arqueadas. 

COLA: De inserción levemente más baja que la línea superior. Debe ser alegre en acción y llevada a nivel, nunca hacia arriba. Anteriormente la costumbre era amputar la cola.

Amputada: Nunca demasiado corta que no se vea, ni muy larga que interfiera en el incesante movimiento alegre cuando el perro está en acción.

Sin amputar: Levemente curvada, de largo moderado, proporcionada al tamaño del cuerpo dando la apariencia de un buen balance general, idealmente no debe sobrepasar el garrón.  

Gruesa en la base, adelgazándose hasta una punta fina, con buen fleco correspondiendo al manto.

Alegre en acción, llevada en el mismo nivel que la línea superior, no más arriba, ni más baja que demuestre timidez. 

EXTREMIDADES

MIEMBROS ANTERIORES: Rectos, de buenos huesos y suficientemente cortos para desarrollar fuerza concentrada; sin embargo, no deben ser muy cortos para que no interfieren en el tremendo esfuerzo que se espera de este magnífico perro deportivo.

Hombros: Oblicuos y delgados. 

MIEMBROS POSTERIORES: Anchos, bien redondeados y muy musculosos, de buenos huesos.

Angulación de la rodilla: Bien angulada.

Corvejón: Debajo de la articulación tibio-tarsiana, corto, que le permita desarrollar un fuerte impulso. 

PIES: Sólidos, de gato, con almohadillas plantares gruesas. 

MOVIMIENTO: Natural en su acción, con poderoso impulso que le permita al perro cubrir bastante terreno. 

PELAJE 

PELO: Liso, de textura sedosa, nunca áspero u ondulado, no muy profuso y nunca rizado. Las extremidades anteriores, el cuerpo y las extremidades posteriores por encima de los corvejones deben tener suficientes flecos. 

COLOR: Varios. En aquellos ejemplares de color sólido, solo se permite una mancha blanca en el pecho. 

TAMAÑO Y PESO:

Altura a la cruz aproximada:

Los machos entre  39 y 41 cm (15,5 - 16 pulgadas).

Las hembras entre 38 y 39 cm (15 - 15,5 pulgadas). 

Peso aproximado: Entre 12,5 y 14,5 kg (28 - 32 libras inglesas). 

FALTAS: Cualquier desviación de los criterios antes mencionados se considera como falta y la gravedad de ésta se considera al grado de la desviación al estándar y de sus consecuencias sobre la salud y el bienestar del perro. 

Cualquier perro mostrando claras señales de anormalidades físicas o de comportamiento debe ser descalificado. 

N.B.: Los machos deben tener dos testículos de apariencia normal completamente descendidos en el escroto.

Fuente. FCI

{slider ESTANDAR AKC}

General Appearance

The English Cocker Spaniel is an active, merry sporting dog, standing well up at the withers and compactly built. He is alive with energy; his gait is powerful and frictionless, capable both of covering ground effortlessly and penetrating dense cover to flush and retrieve game. His enthusiasm in the field and the incessant action of his tail while at work indicate how much he enjoys the hunting for which he was bred. His head is especially characteristic. He is, above all, a dog of balance, both standing and moving, without exaggeration in any part, the whole worth more than the sum of its parts.

Size, Proportion, Substance

Size-Height at withers: males 16 to 17 inches; females 15 to 16 inches. Deviations to be penalized. The most desirable weights: males, 28 to 34 pounds; females, 26 to 32 pounds. Proper conformation and substance should be considered more important than weight alone. Proportion--Compactly built and short-coupled, with height at withers slightly greater than the distance from withers to set-on of tail. Substance--The English Cocker is a solidly built dog with as much bone and substance as is possible without becoming cloddy or coarse.

Head

General appearance: strong, yet free from coarseness, softly contoured, without sharp angles. Taken as a whole, the parts combine to produce the expression distinctive of the breed. Expression--Soft, melting, yet dignified, alert, and intelligent. Eyes--The eyes are essential to the desired expression. They are medium in size, full and slightly oval; set wide apart; lids tight. Haws are inconspicuous; may be pigmented or unpigmented. Eye color dark brown, except in livers and liver parti-colors where hazel is permitted, but the darker the hazel the better. Ears--Set low, lying close to the head; leather fine, extending to the nose, well covered with long, silky, straight or slightly wavy hair. Skull--Arched and slightly flattened when seen both from the side and from the front. Viewed in profile, the brow appears not appreciably higher than the back-skull. Viewed from above, the sides of the skull are in planes roughly parallel to those of the muzzle. Stop definite, but moderate, and slightly grooved. Muzzle--Equal in length to skull; well cushioned; only as much narrower than the skull as is consistent with a full eye placement; cleanly chiseled under the eyes. Jaws strong, capable of carrying game. Nostrils wide for proper development of scenting ability; color black, except in livers and parti-colors of that shade where they will be brown; reds and parti-colors of that shade may be brown, but black is preferred. Lips square, but not pendulous or showing prominent flews. Bite--Scissors. A level bite is not preferred. Overshot or undershot to be severely penalized.

Neck, Topline and Body

Neck--Graceful and muscular, arched toward the head and blending cleanly, without throatiness, into sloping shoulders; moderate in length and in balance with the length and height of the dog. Topline--The line of the neck blends into the shoulder and backline in a smooth curve. The backline slopes very slightly toward a gently rounded croup, and is free from sagging or rumpiness. Body--Compact and well-knit, giving the impression of strength without heaviness. Chest deep; not so wide as to interfere with action of forelegs, nor so narrow as to allow the front to appear narrow or pinched. Forechest well developed, prosternum projecting moderately beyond shoulder points. Brisket reaches to the elbow and slopes gradually to a moderate tuck-up. Ribs well sprung and springing gradually to mid-body, tapering to back ribs which are of good depth and extend well back. Back short and strong. Loin short, broad and very slightly arched, but not enough to affect the topline appreciably. Croup gently rounded, without any tendency to fall away sharply. Tail--Docked. Set on to conform to croup. Ideally, the tail is carried horizontally and is in constant motion while the dog is in action. Under excitement, the dog may carry his tail somewhat higher, but not cocked up.

Forequarters

The English Cocker is moderately angulated. Shoulders are sloping, the blade flat and smoothly fitting. Shoulder blade and upper arm are approximately equal in length. Upper arm set well back, joining the shoulder with sufficient angulation to place the elbow beneath the highest point of the shoulder blade when the dog is standing naturally. Forelegs--Straight, with bone nearly uniform in size from elbow to heel; elbows set close to the body; pasterns nearly straight, with some flexibility. Feet-- Proportionate in size to the legs, firm, round and catlike; toes arched and tight; pads thick.

Hindquarters

Angulation moderate and, most importantly, in balance with that of the forequarters. Hips relatively broad and well rounded. Upper thighs broad, thick and muscular, providing plenty of propelling power. Second thighs well muscled and approximately equal in length to the upper. Stifle strong and well bent. Hock to pad short. Feet as in front.

Coat

On head, short and fine; of medium length on body; flat or slightly wavy; silky in texture. The English Cocker is well-feathered, but not so profusely as to interfere with field work. Trimming is permitted to remove overabundant hair and to enhance the dog’s true lines. It should be done so as to appear as natural as possible.

Color

Various. Parti-colors are either clearly marked, ticked or roaned, the white appearing in combination with black, liver or shades of red. In parti-colors it is preferable that solid markings be broken on the body and more or less evenly distributed; absence of body markings is acceptable. Solid colors are black, liver or shades of red. White feet on a solid are undesirable; a little white on throat is acceptable; but in neither case do these white markings make the dog a parti-color. Tan markings, clearly defined and of rich shade, may appear in conjunction with black, livers and parti-color combinations of those colors. Black and tans and liver and tans are considered solid colors.

Gait

The English Cocker is capable of hunting in dense cover and upland terrain. His gait is accordingly characterized more by drive and the appearance of power than by great speed. He covers ground effortlessly and with extension both in front and in rear, appropriate to his angulation. In the ring, he carries his head proudly and is able to keep much the same topline while in action as when standing for examination. Going and coming, he moves in a straight line without crabbing or rolling, and with width between both front and rear legs appropriate to his build and gait.

Temperament

The English Cocker is merry and affectionate, of equable disposition, neither sluggish nor hyperactive, a willing worker and a faithful and engaging companion.

Approved October 11, 1988   Effective November 30, 1988

Texto e imagen: AKC

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TEMPERAMENTO / COMPORTAMIENTO: De naturaleza alegre, su cola en constante meneo presenta un movimiento animado típico, particularmente cuando sigue un rastro, no le teme a los matorrales espesos. Dócil y cariñoso, aunque lleno de vida y exuberancia.

Fuente. FCI

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